At university, you will need to research and use the ideas and work of other people. Referencing is the practice of acknowledging that these ideas belong to someone else. They are other people's intellectual property.
You need to provide references to other people’s ideas, words, designs, images, graphs, tables, data, computer programs or coding, or work of any kind as part of your unit requirements. Referencing gives your work integrity and helps you to avoid plagiarism, which is falsely claiming someone else's words or ideas as your own.
CQUniversity regards plagiarism and other breaches of academic integrity as a serious offence and this can have serious consequences for you as a student. Find out more about Academic Integrity.
How to develop referencing skills
CQUniversity supports students to uphold academic integrity by providing resources and opportunities to learn about referencing. The following will help you develop strong referencing skills:
- Download a copy of the relevant referencing guide from the list below. These guides provide comprehensive details of the different referencing styles used at CQUniversity.
- Download shorter information sheets on a variety of referencing topics from the Academic Learning Centre (ALC) Moodle site.
- Attend referencing workshops as advertised on the ALC Moodle site.
Each unit coordinator will nominate a referencing style to be used by students in the unit. To find out which referencing style to use, read the Referencing Style section of your unit profile.
- The Abridged Harvard Referencing Style Guide 2020 based on Style manual for authors, editors and printers (Commonwealth of Australia, 2002).
- In late 2019, the American Psychological Association (APA) published a revised style guide: The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. (2020) which has been used to develop this new guide: The Abridged American Psychological Association Referencing Style Guide (APA) 2020.
Some units use numbered styles:
- The Abridged Turabian Referencing Style Guide 2020 (Notes-Bibliography style) based on A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian K. L., 9th ed., 2018).
- The Abridged Vancouver Referencing Style Guide 2020 is a style of referencing widely used in the health sciences modelled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Patrias, K., 2nd ed. 2015)
- The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC, 4th ed. 2018) This is a product of the collaboration between the Melbourne University Law Review and the Melbourne Journal of International Law. The AGLC provides a system of legal citation.